Semi-Truck and Dump Trucks
1) Difference Between Commercial Trucks and Semi-trucks
Commercial trucks are any kind of trucks that have a powerful engine, carrier, and permanently attached rear. The rear part of commercial trucks may have attached trailers, special utility mechanisms such as a concrete mixture, or a truck-mounted crane, or a simple box carrier.
The semi-trucks are the combination of semi-trailers or only trailers and the engine part of the truck that drags the trailer. These components can be detached and replaced with other attachments as per the need. Although semi-trucks are referred to the engine part only, today the combination of a semi-trailer and the engine is known as a semi-truck. The original semi-trucks have powerful engines and are capable of running on their own, unlike the semi-trailers.
2) Uses and Applications
Semi-trucks are generally used for transportation purposes. The other applications of semi-trucks may differ depending on the type of trailer or carrier attached to it. Some common types of semi-trailers or carriers attached to these trucks include the flatbed trailer, dry van, reefer trailer, water carrier, concrete mixer, crane, and other mechanical attachments.
3) Efficiency of the Engines
Semi-truck engines size-wise and weight-wise are up to 6x larger than car engines. These trucks have engines that last longer than any other types of heavy duty trucks and vehicles. These engines have a life expectancy of around one million kilometers and can range up to 1000 horsepower.
Although there is no specific name for the fear of trucks, the name has derived from ‘ochophobia’ which means the fear of vehicles. Hence, ‘semi-ochophobia’ means the fear of semi-trucks. People, especially car drivers often experience this fear and anxiety when they see semi-trucks on roads. They tend to panic and try to get away from semi-trucks as soon as possible. Several accidents have been reported in Edmonton because of semi-ochophobia.
5) Blind Spots
The driver of a semi-truck cannot see the areas in the front, behind, and on both sides of the truck’s rig or body. These areas are known as the blind spots. The smaller the vehicle, the harder it is to see for the truck driver. This is one reason why a lot of accidents take place between the semi-trucks and cars or other smaller vehicles around them.
The most important thing that allows the truck to work and take heavy load is its engine. For heavy load work, buying a dump truck with a power output of 300 to 600 horsepower (HP) is desirable. The trucks with lower power output are good for lightweight objects. Based on the construction work you generally perform, select the right power engine.
Along with this, checking the working condition of the engine is important. Also, check if the engine is well-lubricated before buying the dump truck. For this purpose, you can check for any friction noise that the engine produces when it lacks lubrication.
Dump truck transmission is either manual or automatic. While manual transmission provides better performance due to a wide range of gear options, the automatic one comes with a flexible torque converter. Both the types have their own advantages. Manual allows you to control the gear based on the engine’s speed while automatic reduces the strain for the driver to adjust to different gears every time. When speaking about price, automatic ones are quite expensive. Based on your need and budget, you can choose the right type of transmission for your truck.
- Load Volume Capacity
A dump truck is used to carry raw materials to your construction sites. Hence, the load capacity is a very important factor that needs to be considered. If the dump truck for sale is unable to carry the load of the material you want to, it will not be useful for you. It’s always better to buy a dump truck which is able to carry the sufficient load as per your requirements instead of buying two or more dump trucks for carrying the same volume of materials. Moreover, it will reduce your labor cost as well. Therefore, buy a truck that provides load capacity according to your construction work.
- Number of Axles
For heavy loads, it is desirable to buy dump trucks with a minimum of two rear axles. Also, as the government of various provinces has some regulations on the number of axles to be used based on the load capacity, checking the number of axles in the dump truck for sale becomes essential.
- Complete Inspection
You are investing your money in the dump truck, and you would not want to repair it within a few months of buying it. Having a complete inspection is, therefore, important. Check for the brakes, gears, doors, seats, paint of the body, lubricated parts, fuel tank, and all other parts of the truck before purchasing a dump truck.